We have not yet worked out a consensus of definitions, but here are some concepts that we have found useful, and some perspectives to approach them with.


  • A simplified aggregate of the processes that make us sentient. Its characteristics are vague.
  • Subjective experience of cognition.
  • Part of the duality ‘mind’ and ‘body’. Still there is a third party ‘the observer’. As in “this just popped in to my mind” vs. “I just thought about this”.


  • A collection of processes that that produce identifiable results.
  • Processing information.
  • Different and intersecting pathways that guide our behavior. External and internal (!) factors influence this.


  • A state configuration.
  • A piece of information.
  • Signals that haven’t been processed by a cognition.

Data Point

  • A node in a network of state configurations; an intersection of processes.
  • A piece of data.


  • Coupled / interpreted data; data that is incorporated in a cognitive process.
  • Anything that can be thought of.
  • Signals that have been processed by a cognition: attached to larger entities or contexts.


  • A network of processes.
  • A set of rules and structures for data.
  • A bunch of seemingly separate stuff that interact with each other in unexpected ways. Can be modeled as a network.

Extended Mind

  • Coupling non-native data networks in cognitive processes.
  • Hard drive for your brain.
  • Mind that uses non-corporeal utilities with as ease as corporeal stuff (limbs etc)
  • Symbiosis between a person and proximate reality
  • Social notebook 2.0
  • Any facility that can take up or augment function normally attributed to the mind (memory, thinking, creativity, emotion etc.) as fast or faster than native capacity.
  • Everything that we use with ease.
  • The coupling of an individual and her external resource that makes separation incomprehensible.


  • A point in history where the speed of the dissemination of information makes predictions impossible.
  • Explosion in human cognition.
  • We are the borg. No, singularity happens when connections become more important than the node, i.e. the brain: single nerve cells are just cells. Connect couple of billion of them, you get a human consciousness. Connect couple of billion of these and you get the “brain” of the human kind. Like W. Gibson said “We didn’t imagine google”. It’s happens when things start to self-organize: minimum energy principle and environmental differences

Social Singularity

  • Singularity due to social components (eg, not due to AI).
  • Connecting individuals’ cognitive processes in real-time.

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